February 11, 2018

Gordon McGranahan, Frank Murray's Air Pollution and Health in Rapidly Developing Countries PDF

By Gordon McGranahan, Frank Murray

ISBN-10: 185383985X

ISBN-13: 9781853839856

(Earthscan) Murdoch Univ., Australia. textual content experiences contemporary advancements within the box and their relevance for public future health in constructing international locations. provides reviews from Asian, African, and Latin American nations; and contrasts findings with these from Europe and North the US. Softcover.

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Extra resources for Air Pollution and Health in Rapidly Developing Countries

Sample text

Inhalation of lead is a significant source of lead in adults, but ingestion of lead in dust and products such as paint containing lead is a more important route of exposure in children. Arsenic and its compounds are widespread in the environment. They are released into air by industrial sources, including metal smelting and fuel combustion, by the use of some pesticides and, during volcanic eruptions, by wind-blown dusts. Arsenic can reach high concentrations in air and dust near some metal smelters and power stations, mostly as inorganic arsenic in particulate form.

In the absence of public pressure, governments too are inclined to ignore air pollution problems. Both public and governmental concerns about air pollution are increasing, however, and significant actions to improve air quality are increasingly evident in middle income countries. It would be inappropriate for low and middle income countries to adopt the air pollution policies of high income countries. It would be equally inappropriate for them to replicate the very slow process of air pollution policy development that occurred historically in high income countries.

The WHO response–concentration relationships for particulate matter are based on a linear model of response, within the range of particulate concentrations typically found in the studies used by WHO. There are no grounds for simple extrapolation of the concentration–exposure relationship to high levels of particulate pollution. Several studies have shown that the slope of the regression line is reduced when the concentration of particulates is at high concentration levels. These levels may be observed in urban areas in some highly polluted cities in middle income countries.

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Air Pollution and Health in Rapidly Developing Countries by Gordon McGranahan, Frank Murray


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