February 10, 2018

Download e-book for iPad: A Practical Guide to Scientific Data Analysis by David J. Livingstone

By David J. Livingstone

ISBN-10: 0470851538

ISBN-13: 9780470851531

Encouraged by way of the author's desire for sensible counsel within the tactics of knowledge research, a realistic consultant to clinical info research has been written as a statistical better half for the operating scientist.  This guide of information research with labored examples makes a speciality of the appliance of mathematical and statistical thoughts and the translation in their results.Covering the most typical statistical equipment for studying and exploring relationships in information, the textual content contains wide examples from a number of clinical disciplines.The chapters are organised logically, from making plans an test, via studying and showing the information, to developing quantitative versions. each one bankruptcy is meant to face by myself in order that informal clients can seek advice from the part that's well suited to their problem.Written by means of a hugely certified and the world over revered writer this text:Presents facts for the non-statisticianExplains a number of how to extract details from dataDescribes the appliance of statistical the way to the layout of “performance chemicals”Emphasises the applying of statistical innovations and the translation in their resultsOf useful use to chemists, biochemists, pharmacists, biologists and researchers from many different clinical disciplines in either and academia.

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Extra resources for A Practical Guide to Scientific Data Analysis

Sample text

For the remaining members of the set, the electrostatic potential at this position is zero. This variable has now become an ‘indicator’ variable which has two distinct values (zero for 20 % of the molecules and −50 for the remainder) that identify two different subsets of the data. The problem may be overcome if the magnitude of a minimum or maximum is taken, irrespective of position, although problems may occur with molecules that have multiple minima or maxima. There is also the more difficult philosophical question of what do such values ‘mean’.

The origin of the expression ‘Doptimal’ is a bit of statistical jargon based on the determinant of the variance–covariance matrix. As will be seen in the next section on compound selection, a well-chosen set of experiments (or compounds) will have a wide spread in the experimental factor space (variance). 1) between experimental factors is at a minimum (covariance). The determinant of a matrix is a single number and in the case of a variance–covariance matrix for a data set this number describes the ‘balance’ between variance and covariance.

6 SUMMARY In this chapter the following points were covered: 1. dependent and independent variables and how data tables are laid out; 2. where data comes from and some of its properties; 3. descriptors, parameters and properties; 4. nominal, ordinal, interval and ratio scales; 5. frequency distributions, the normal distribution, definition and explanation of mean, variance and standard deviation. skewness and kurtosis; 6. the difference between sample and population properties; 7. factors causing deviations in distribution; 8.

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A Practical Guide to Scientific Data Analysis by David J. Livingstone

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